Jun 20, 2018

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How Does Air Conditioning Refrigerant Work?

How Does Air Conditioning Refrigerant Work?

If you have heard the news about R22 refrigerant being phased out in favor of R410A, you may have questions about how refrigerant works and what part it plays in air conditioning your home. A refrigerant is a compound that is most often liquid or gas. It can absorb heat from the environment to offer air conditioning or refrigeration when used with components such as evaporators and compressors.

How Refrigerant Works

Refrigerant begins inside copper coils within an air conditioner. As it absorbs heat, it goes from gas to liquid. The coolant is sent outside where a fan blows over the coils before exhausting it to the exterior. At that point, the refrigerant cools down and turns back into gas. A fan located in the home will then blow air over the cooled coils to distribute the more cooling air throughout your home. This then repeats to keep the building nice and cold.

Refrigerant Types

There are a few different types of refrigerants that have been used for air conditioning service in Orange Park, FL, over the years.

  • Chlorofluorocarbons, such as R12 – This refrigerant is known to contribute greenhouse gases and has been out of production since the mid-1990s.
  • Hydrochlorofluorocarbons, including R22 – This is less damaging than R12 was but is still damaging to the ozone layer. The EPA has mandated a phase-out of this refrigerant which will result in it being unavailable by 2020.
  • Hydrofluorocarbons, like R134 and R410A – These refrigerants do not use chlorine and are safer for the environment. This is also a more efficient refrigerant that provides a better quality of air and increased reliability.

Upgrading from R22 Refrigerant

By taking a quick look at the exterior component of your air conditioner, you can find out what sort of refrigerant is used. If it says R22, you are using an outdated refrigerant that is hazardous to the environment. While you aren’t required to upgrade to your air conditioning service in Orange Park, FL, you may find that any problems will result in costly repairs due to low supply of R22.

It isn’t possible to replace parts in a machine that uses R22 with one that runs R410A because they aren’t compatible with each other. That means that when you do need a repair or replacement, it’s time to upgrade to this safer type of air conditioner.

If you require air conditioning repair in Orange Park or the surrounding areas, Howard Services Inc. can assist you. You can learn more about our team and services by visiting www.HowardsServicesHVAC.com.

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